One of the biggest problems you will encounter as a mother during when carrying the weight of your baby is the fear of PIH or pregnancy-induced hypertension. AKA toxemia, it is high blood-pressure during pregnancy, and about 7-10 percent of all mothers are at risk for this problem. It usually happens to younger mothers, or to a first pregnancy, and is even a lot more common if the mother is carrying twins, or to women with PIH on her previous pregnancy.
The pathophysiologic basis of PIH is vascular spams, which leads to hypertension, edema and proteinuria (protein in the urine). PIH can have so many signs and symptoms, from slight edemas of the extremities and face to convulsion, coma and even death due to cerebral hemorrhage, collapse in the circulatory system or renal failure. Take a few minutes or seconds of your time to learn about important ways to handle these problems.
Interventions To Avoid Preeclampsia
Always remember to relax, and not be stressed out all the time. Strict bed rest is a must if you are suffering from preeclampsia signs and symptoms. If you feel as if milder signs of preeclampsia are occurring, like a weight gain of 2 lbs per week or some slight edema on your arms, feet and face, then it is vital you have to rest in the bed all the time. Bed resting aids in sodium excretion which could precipitate an increase in blood pressure. Maintain a left lateral recumbent position while resting to avoid the uterus from pressing into the vena cava of your heart. Minimize stimuli on your areas. Also donít forget to eat a diet high in protein to compensate for the massive protein you have lost in your urination.
Seizure precautions are a must, since you donít know when you will have a seizure if you are suffering from PIH. Ask a family member to take note for sudden rises in blood pressure, or abrupt decreases in you urinary output (less than 30 ml per hour). If you are getting headaches most of the time, then it could be a sign of seizure occurring in the future. More precise signs of seizure include changes in vision, dizziness, being nauseated, and pain occurring in the epigastric area (the center or upper region of your abdomen).
Please do not take magnesium sulfate on your own; this drug is very dangerous and very deadly if not handled properly. The most common drug of choice for the prevention and treatment of seizures or convulsions is magnesium sulfate. This is because of its ability to decrease muscular irritability, and to cause depressions in the central nervous system. Your doctor may prescribe the medication to you through an intravenous route. During this time it is important that you urinate a lot, as poor urine excretion could lead to toxicity from you magnesium sulfate. Symptoms of an overdose include decrease in frequency of urine, difficulty in breathing, and a decrease in your level of consciousness. Donít forget to inform the doctor or the nurse as soon as possible when you are suffering from signs of an overdose.